Treatments For Breast Cancer

 

breast cancer self-examination

The first reaction for most women who just find out of being diagnosed with breast cancer is scared and shock. Some of these individuals are very healthy which makes it very hard to believe.

Being diagnosed with breast cancer is not the end of the world. Recent advances in medical technology have been great. This could mean a woman could continue to live a normal life with both breasts.

Detected in its early stages, is a must and if your family has a history you can now have your blood checked and see if your body carries the cell.

Most women will undergo surgery. This is done to remove the cancer tumor and cells from the woman's breast. The type of surgery that the patient will undergo will depend on the size, stage and where the cancer was detected.

Beginning with a lumpectomy to remove the tumor without removing the breast. NOT all surgeons are created equally, find a surgeon that this is really all they do, or close to it. You want the best looking results, really if possible keep your look. And don't take limp nodes just because, make sure they have cancer before removing.     

Should a larger part of the breast need to be removed; a partial or segmental mastectomy would be done. In both cases, radiation therapy needs to be conducted to ensure that all the cancer cells have been removed.

If the breast cancer has been detected in an advanced stage, the patient may undergo a radical mastectomy. This means the woman will lose the breast and the lymph nodes under the arm.

Another treatment used for breast cancer is chemotherapy. A patient who undergoes surgery does not guarantee that it will not happen in the future. This is because cancer cells are quite small and there is a strong possibility that it could have spread to other parts of the body which could recur again.

To reduce the risk, the patient is given anti-cancer drugs which could take weeks or even months. The two which are usually given are AC (doxorubicin and cycolphosphamide) for 3 months or CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil) for 6 months. Both of these medications have advantages and disadvantages and this will depend on the choice of the individual which to use with the guidance of the doctor.

Radiation therapy is another treatment also used to fight off cancer in the breast. This painless procedure can be done in a few minutes but will take weeks to complete. This can be done after surgery to make sure all cancer cells have been eliminated.

Hormonal therapy can be administered to the patient after surgery has been performed. The doctor will need to find out if the tumor shows estrogen or progesterone receptors. If it is estrogen, then Tamoxifen will be recommended to make sure the cancer does not recur.

Biologic therapy may also work for the patient. This only happens when the tumor shows signs of HER-2/neu over expression. This means that there is a strong possibility for the cancer to recur even after surgery has been done. The doctor will recommend Herceptin or Trastuzumab to stop this from happening.

The different treatments available have shown the advances in medical science in treating people diagnosed with breast cancer. Though these are not perfect and each has a side effect on the individual, it is up to the person with the help of the doctor to decide which one to use. This is where a second opinion is of big value...